These striped ones are new arrivals. But nowadays. Are you sure, madam? I'm sure. Plus taxes. Would you like to try it on? Could you gift-wrap it? You see, it's a gift to my husband on his birthday! Later Here it is!
I've stuck on it a little card saying 'Happy Birthday! Call again. If you are using the cassette, listen to the dialogue carefully two or three times. Is the shop assistant a man or a woman? Who is it for? Is the customer happy? Note the vowel sound only in the first syllable of the second word. You must also have noticed that the letter r in all the above words is silent. The syllable containing the sound is put in italics if the word has more than one syllable.
Note carefully the pronunciations of these words: afternoon synthetics excellent arrivals nowadays fifteen birthday husband You must have noted that these words are said like this: after'noon synthetics 'excellent ar'rivals 'nowadays fif'teen 'birthday 'husband 3. Now write down the pronunciations of the remaining four words in 2 above in phonetic symbols.
For help, you must consult 'Signs and Symbols' given at the beginning of this book. I'm I am they're they are don't do not Their pronunciations, given in phonetic symbols, are: aim 6ei3 daunt b. Full form Contracted form Pronunciation you are you're jua we are we're wis does not doesn't 'dAznt did not didn't 'didnt V. She said: That's very kind of you, young man.
But she was rather formal in doing so. She could have just said: Thank you! They are" neither very informal nor very formal. They can be used to thank strangers, and people who have helped you in an official capacity. It is used mostly in writing. How do people accept thanks?
Between close friends there is no need to say anything at all! But when you really want to say something, you can use one of the following expressions: a That's all right. This is an informal way of accepting thanks. These expressions can be used in most situations. These are slightly formal expressions. Imagine that you are in the following situations.
What wili you say to thank, or to accept thanks? You are writing a letter thanking him. Study the following questions. What's the collar-size, madam? How much is it? Do you remember the questions we framed in Unit 1? They were: Can we start now?
Will the boys leave soon? Compare the two types. A What can I do for you? B Can I help you? Question A starts with the word 'What'. Question B does not use any such word. Let us look at a few more questions of the A type. Where are you going? When are you leaving? How far is the place? Which is faster, the train or the bus? Who is your companion? A part of the verb comes before the subject. Who or Which just takes the place of the subject. Roshan is my companion. Ask the questions that will get you the following answers.
Begin the question with the words given in brackets. We can start at 10 o'clock. What time? We can stay at the Taj. My uncle will give us the money. It will cost us a fortune! How much? We are going by train. Why don't we come to the market more often?
I want to come here every day. Who stops you? You have nothing better to do. I didn't say I will come here every day; I said I want to come here. Let's quickly do the shopping and go home. The children must be getting impatient.
We'll first buy toiletries and groceries and then go to the vegetable stall. Let's go to the department store next door. Can you tell us where the groceries are? And the toiletries? And for the toiletries, just turn left and you walk right into them. Please make me the bill quickly. Here's the bill. Some of them are even rotten. You should've thrown them away. In fact, yesterday the wholesale market was closed, and so we couldn't bring in fresh supplies. The second half of the conversation takes place in one part of the market.
Where does it take place? Why doesn't she? Each department sells a different kind of goods, stale: not fresh IV. Play the conversation again and listen to it.
The syllable containing the sound is put in italics, that is, in a slanting type if the word has more than one syllable. You must also have noticed that the letter r is silent in all the above words.
Listen to the conversation. Note carefully the pronunciations of these words: market enjoyable impatient groceries vegetable corridor wholesale yesterday Each of these words has more than one syllable.
You must have noted that these words are said like this: 'market enjoyable im'patient 'groceries 'vegetable corridor 'wholesale 'yesterday The vertical mark or stroke indicates that the following syllable is accented. Note the pronunciations, given in phonetic symbols, of the following words. Now write down the pronunciations of the remaining four words in 2 in phonetic symbols. Listen once again to the conversation. At the market Janaki complained about the rotten vegetables.
The clerk at the counter apologized. She said: Sorry, madam. When we have caused trouble to someone, we want to apologize to the person. The most common way of doing this is to say: I'm sorry. Let us study a few expressions that can be used for apologizing, a Sorry: This is very informal, and is used to apologize for small things, b I'mexpression This sorry: can be used in most situations. I can't tell you how sorry I am.
These are rather formal expressions of apology. What does one do when someone apologizes to him? Normally, he accepts the apology and tells the person not to feel sorry about what s he has done. The following expressions are used to accept an apology. Don't worry. Not to worry. Don't worry about it. That's all right.
Forget it! What do you say in the following situations, in order to apologize or to accept an apology? You are writing a letter of apology to the librarian, d You knocked down an elderly lady, while your were riding a bicycle on a busy road, e A fellow passenger stepped on your toe in the bus and apologized to you.
Study the following sentences. They are spoken by Janaki and Surendra in the market. I don't find it a very enjoyable place. I didn't say I will come here every day. But that doesn't mean you should sell rotten vegetables.
All the sentences above are 'negative' sentences. In Unit 2 At the Doctor's , we discussed one way of forming negatives. The examples were: I haven't been feeling well lately. We aren't ready.
They won't call us back. This can't be done easily. In these examples, we added not n't directly to the verbs. Positive Negative I have. I have not haven't. We are. We are not aren't. They will. They will not won't. This can. This cannot can't. We can add not n't directly to the verb, if the verb is one of the following. But look at the following sentences.
I find it a very enjoyable place. I said I would come here every day. But that means you should. The verbs in these sentences are: find, said and means. Look at the list of 'helping verbs' in the box above. Are these verbs 'helping verbs'? No, they are not. So, we cannot add not n't directly to the verbs. What do we do, then, to form negatives? Positive Negative I find. I do not don't find. I said. I did not didn't say. We have used do, does and did, and added not to them.
Study a few more examples: a. We know the answer. She knows how to swim. You tried very hard. You're late by three days. I'm afraid you'll have to pay the fine.
I was sick and have not been able to come to college these four days. You condone the delay under special circumstances, don't you? And my sickness is a special circumstance, isn't it? But you should talk to the librarian.
My duty is just to charge the fine if it is due according to the rules. Meanwhile, please issue me with these two books. Oh, wait a minute. I want another book too. Let me go to the racks and find out that one also. Now please issue them.
And here also? In this book, one page is missing. It's page You can have a look. How callous! I must stamp page to indicate that page has been torn out. Otherwise this may be blamed on you, or the next borrower after you. This expression shows surprise. The clerk is saying: "I'm surprised.
What is the reason? Or is he only following the rules? Do you like him? The syllable containing the sound is printed in italics if the word has more than one syllable. Note carefully the pronunciations of these words: library return afraid circumstances librarian another meanwhile necessary otherwise Each of these words has more than one syllable.
One of the syllables in each word is accented, that is, emphasised or made prominent. You must have noted that these words are said like this: 'library re'turn a'fraid 'circumstances li'brarian a'nother 'meanwhile 'necessary 'otherwise The vertical mark or stroke placed over each word means that the following syllable is accented.
Now write down the pronunciations of the remaining words in Section 2 in phonetic symbols and say them correctly. For help, you may consult your dictionary, and 'Signs and Symbols' given at the beginning of this book. Pay special attention to the pronunciations of the following expressions. You have learnt the pronunciations of the following contracted forms in Units Say them aloud as many times as you can. I will don't do not isn't is not V. The student returned the books to the library three days late.
The counter clerk told him: You'll have to pay the fine. You should talk to the librarian. I must stamp page He is also saying that it is his duty to stamp page Words like have to, should and must express necessity and obliga- tion. Other expressions used for the purpose are: have got to, ought to, and need to. Let us study the different ways used to express obligation and necessity. This means: it's necessary for you to be careful. This means: It's necessary for me to. I'm obliged to.
We must get up early tomorrow. We had to start early yesterday. Needn't means: it is not necessary. You mustn't smoke in the cinema. These are my orders. You ought to look after your old parents. It is your duty. You should take less sugar. That's the proper thing for you to do.
There are some differences in their use, as you will have noticed in the above examples. Use: must, should, ought to, need, have to, have got to. So it is necessary for me to leave soon. You're obliged to report it to the police, d You are not allowed to take dogs inside the bus. You can pay when the postman delivers the parcel. In the library, the counter clerk says the following sentences. This may be blamed on you. Suppose the clerk wants to say the opposites negatives of these sentences.
What will he say? He will say: You are not aren't late. You should not shouldn't talk. I must not mustn't stamp. This may not be blamed on you. You will have noticed that the negatives have been formed by adding not directly to the verbs. In Unit 4 we saw that this is possible only when the verb is one of the 'helping verbs'.
We listed 24 such helping verbs in that unit, see page 32 2. Helping verbs have many uses. One of them is in forming negatives, as we saw in 1 above, and in Unit 4.
We saw this in Unit 1. The examples were: 1 You can weigh this letter. Let us summarize: If the verb is a helping verb, we can 1 form the negative by adding not directly to the verb, and 2 frame questions by inverting the subject-verb order. Example: He will return the book. I've brought the suit-length with me.
Here it is. I'd like a tight-fitting suit. It takes longer at this time of the year because of the holiday rush, you know.
Would you prefer one inside pocket in the jacket, or two? Two on the left and one on the right. Will you call in for a fitting next Tuesday? Oh dear! I haven't asked you about your charges at all. Our prices are competitive, and here's the price list, sir. I think I'll go elsewhere. Goodbye, sir! Note the way these words are said: what want would will worry Listen carefully to the first consonant sound spelt with the letter w in the words: what want would will worry You will notice that it is the same consonant sound as the first sound in these words: water well when while work You must also have noted that the sound is said with the partially rounded lips.
Take care to round your lips while saying the sound. Note carefully the pronunciations of these words: measurements trousers remember competitive elsewhere certainly You must have noted that these words are said like this: 'measurements 'trousers re'member com'petitive 'elsewhere 'certainly 3. Note the pronunciations, written in phonctic symbols, of the following words. Now write down the pronunciations of the remaining three words in Section 2 in phonetic symbols and say them correctly.
For help, you must consult your dictionaiy, and 'Signs and Symbols' given at the beginning of this book. Pay special attention to the pronunciations of the following words. They all occur in the first two lines of the dialogue. Listen to the pronunciations of the following contracted forms and practise saying them correctly.
Full form Contracted form Pronunciation that will that'll Saetl have not haven't 'haevnt do not don't daunt I will I'll ail V. In the dialogue, the tailor asks the customer: Would you like to buy the cloth from us, sir? Would you prefer one inside pocket in the jacket or two? Would you like a hip-pocket He is asking the customer about his likes and preferences.
The customer states his preferences, saying: No. No, not really. I prefer a ticket pocket. I'd rather come on Wednesday. These are some of the ways in which people ask about and state preferences. There are a few other ways, too. Let us list all of them together. Do you like coffee? No, I don't. No, thank you. Yes, please. I'd prefer tea. I prefer tea. How would you state your preferences in the following situations?
Or would you rather watch TV? Or would you prefer a new one? Read the following sentences. A fat man is talking to the tailor. What are they talking about? They are discussing stitching charges. What are the verbs in the sentences? They are: is talking are talking am going is saying are discussing These verbs are in the 'present continuous tense'. Study the verbs above.
How are they formed? What have we learnt about the present continuous tense? The present continuous tease is used to talk about actions taking place now. Describe them, using the present continuous tense. Example: the boys - play - football The boys are playing football.
Now read the following sentences. They are spoken by the customer at the tailor's. I want a woollen suit made. These sentences also talk about things happening now. The man wants a woollen suit made, now. He thinks he'll go elsewhere, now. But the veibs in the sentences are not in the present continuous tense! This is because some verbs are not normally used in the present continuous tense. Can you make up this prescription? I'll keep the whole thing ready. My wife has a stomach- ache.
Why don't you give me these drugs now? It might still take me about half an hour to make it up. You could take your seat there and wait. But let me first look at, the whole prescription. I want to make sure that I have all the drugs.
Oh, I'm sorry. This one at number three is not available. In fact, it's been out of stock in the whole market for quite some time. What do I do now? What about giving me another drug with the same formula? But I can't sell any drug without a doctor's prescription. Under no circumstances. But if I were you, I'd ring up the doctor and ask him about an alternative. You could use my telephone. Thank you so much. I'll call him right away.
Read the dialogue when you are not sure of the answer. Is the chemist a man or a woman? What is wrong with her? What does the customer want him to do? What does the chemist ask the customer to do?
Note carefully the pronunciations of the'following words. Now write down the pronunciations of the remaining three words in Section 2 in phonetic symbols, and say them aloud. Listen once again to the dialogue and note the pronunciations of these words: an your than You will notice that these words are said like this: an an your jo: than 5an Note: Words like the above ones are called 'form' words.
Note the pronunciations of the following contracted forms and practise saying them correctly. Full form Contracted form Pronunciation will not won't waunt would not wouldn't 'wudnt could not couldn't 'kudnt V. The chemist knew it would take him quite some time to make up the prescription for the customer. So he said: I wonder if you could come back at 3 o'clock, sir.
The chemist was suggesting to the customer that he could come back later. He was making the suggestion politely. Throughout the dialogue, the chemist makes polite suggestions to the customer. If I were you, I'd ring up the doctor. The customer also makes several suggestions. But they are not as polite as the chemist's: Why don't you give me these drugs now? What about giving me another drug. There are a number of ways people use to make suggestions. Let us study some of them: a Start now! What about starting now?
You must have noticed that the various ways of making suggestions are listed more or less in order of their degree of politeness, a is the least polite; it is really an order! The following suggestions are not at all polite. They are rather rude. Turn them into polite suggestions. Use the clues given in brackets. You could. I was wondering. Listen to the chemist: As you wish. It is clear that the customer wishes to do something now.
The chemist also wants to be sure of something now. The tense normally used to describe the actions happening now is the present continuous tense. So, the chemist should say: As you are wishing. X I am wanting to make sure. X But the two sentences above are wrong. Do you know why? Could you turn back to Section VI. In that section, we said that some verbs are not normally used in the present continuous tense, even when they describe actions that are taking place now.
Look at the list of such verbs. Do you find wish and want in that list? Study the list of verbs in VI. Say whether this sentence is correct? I am knowing his phone number. The sentence is wrong. The verb know is not normally used in the present continuous tense. We cannot say: I am knowing. X We have to say: I know. V The verbs in all the sentences below are in the wrong tense.
Rewrite them correctly. As you know, we can use most of the English verbs in the present continuous tense, when they describe actions happening at the time of speaking. Only some verbs such as those listed in VI. So, you have to be careful. Study the sentences below: I am watching this interesting football match. I am looking through a pair of binoculars that belongs to my cousin.
He is sitting near me, but he doesn't seem interested in the match. The verbs watch, look, and sit are used in the present continuous tense, but the verbs belong and seem are not. Fill in the blanks in the following sentences. Use the right tense of the verbs given in brackets. I read an awful book now. It belongs to my uncle, who love reading crime thrillers. This book contain seven short stories, all of them describing the murders of little boys.
I not understand how an old man like my uncle can enjoy such rubbish! What can I do for you, sir? I've been at the station for over ten minutes. Let me check. It was made at 3. For that you can speak to the ASM, if you like. When exactly will the train arrive?
This is the position at the moment. But, it may cover some time, or it may be delayed further. We'll make another announcement as soon as we receive a message. Have you thought of that? Bear with me for some more time, please, and make yourself comfortable in the waiting room. Thank you. On the public-address system: Your attention, please. The Andhra Pradesh Express is running four hours late. The sound in well is said with partially rounded lips see Unit 6 , and the sound in very is said with the lower lip raised close to the upper teeth.
You must have noted that the sound in 'very' is the same as the consonant sound spelt with the letter v in these words: arrival cover receive haven't we've Say aloud the above words. Listen to the dialogue again and practise the sounds.
Note carefully the pronunciations of these words: express scheduled announcement noticeboard inconvenience message You must have noticed that these words are said like this: ex'press 'scheduled announcement 'noticeboard incon'venience 'message 3.
Note the pronunciations, written in phonetic symbols, of these words: express ik'spres scheduled 'Jedjuild message 'mesid3 b. Write down the pronunciations of the remaining three words in Section 2 above in phonetic symbols, and say them aloud. Listen again to the dialogue and note the pronunciations of these words: to the of that You will notice that these words are said like this: to to the 5a, 61 of av that 8at These words are called 'form words. The pronunciations given against them are their 'weak' or shortened pronunciations.
Their 'strong' or full pronunciations are very uncommon. Listen once again Lo the dialogue. List all the contracted fonns used in it, and practise saying them correctly.
In the dialogue, 'At the Railway Station', Mohan asks the enquiry clerk a number of questions. Here are some of them: a What time is the Andhra Pradesh Express expected? Why is Mohan asking the poor man so many questions? Mohan wants to find out details of the train's arrival, etc. He is asking the clerk for information. The most common means to ask for information is questions. There are several types of questions in English. Two of the common types are: a Questions beginning with words like what, when, where, etc.
Let us study the first type in some detail, in this unit. We will look at the second type in Unit 10, Section VI.
Questions beginning with Wh-: These kind of questions seek information about 1 place Where do you live? In Bhopal. About 10 in the morning. By bus. My sister. The old man. What did you see? A big snake. The blue one. Because I missed the bus. About a kilometre.
About six hours. About 30 kilos. Once a week. What questions will you ask to get the following items of information? Use the clues given in brackets to frame your questions. At the railway station, the enquiry clerk says: A We'll make another announcement. Mohan asks: B When exactly will the train arrive? He complains: C This will mean a lot of inconvenience to people. In sentences A , B and C above, the clerk and Mohan are talking about something in the future.
The future, as you know, is the time that has not yet come, the time after now. They use the helping verb will to talk about the future. The other helping verb used for talking about the future is shall.
There are several ways people use to talk about the future. In this Unit, we will discuss the use of will and shell. Shall is used normally with the first person, that is, 'I' and 'we': I shall be thirty on my next birthday. We shall start early tomorrow morning. You will have a lot of work tomorrow. The Prime Minister will tour the state next month. But in conversation, both will and shall are used in the contracted form: ' So, the difference between will and shall is not very important.
The negative of will is formed by adding 'not' directly. But we will not won't start until 7 in the evening. Shall we start? Will you come back soon? Will your mother get angry? Answer the following questions. Use short answers whenever possible. I've been waiting for half an hour now. Do you want me to wait for ever? I'll give you your tea in a few minutes. Everybody here waits for his turn. If I served you out of turn, the other customers who came before you would complain. Would you like some biscuits or some namkin 1 to go with it?
Which would you like? Look here. Its edges are broken, and it's covered with grease and ash and grime. I don't need any of your biscuits. It's bad. It's overboiled and bitter. I wonder if you've mixed any sugar at all. I've never taken worse tea in my life. Nobody's ever told me anything about my plates and tea. You're the first person to make a complaint and I promise to be careful in future, sir.
How much do I pay for the tea? Thanks a lot for your comments. You can pay me next time. Or is he a little angry? One is the delay. What are the other two? The pronunciations are given in phonetic symbols. Note the pronunciations, written in phonetic symbols, of these words: idea ai'dia survive so'vaiv promise 'promis b. Write down in phonetic symbols the pronunciations of the remaining five words in Scction 2, and say them aloud. Note the weak pronunciations of these form words: who for some and You will notice that these words are said like this: who hu for fa some sam and and b.
The customer at the tea-stall seems to dislike most of the things happening there. He says: What's the idea? God, how dirty this plate is! The customer is complaining about the slow service, the dirty plate, and the bad tea. All of us need to complain about something or other, now and then. We can make such complaints rather rudely, like the customer at the tea-stall. Or, we can complain in a polite way. Let us look at some polite ways of introducing complaints: a Sorry, but.
I'm sorry to bring this up, but. I'm sorry to have to say this, but. I have to make a complaint about the watch you sold me last week. You must have noticed that a above is very informal, while d is very formal. In fact, d is normally used in formal written complaints. How will you make polite complaints in the following situations? Your neighbour's children play music very loudly till midnight.
Complain to your neighbour, b You bought a mixer-grinder. It broke down three times in six months. The local dealer refuses to repair it. Complain to the manufacturer in writing. Write only one sentence. The smoke makes you feel sick. Complain to the conductor. Complain in writing to the municipal commissioner, e Suppose you were the customer in the tea stall. Make the complaints he made, but make them more politely! Listen to the customer at the tea stall.
He is saying: A Its edges are broken. As of today we have 83,, eBooks for you to download for free. No annoying ads, no download limits , enjoy it and don't forget to bookmark and share the love! Speak English with Confidence! Better Reading English. Can't find what you're looking for?As of today we have 83, eBooks for you to download for free. No annoying ads, no download limitsenjoy it and don't forget to bookmark and share the love! Speak English with Confidence! Better Reading English. Can't find what you're looking for? Try pdfdrive:hope to request a book. Previous 1 2 3 4 english speaking course free download pdf file 6 … 20 Next. Pdfdrive:hope Give books away. Get books you want. Ask yourself: What vulnerabilities am I afraid to share english speaking course free download pdf file others who love me? for the Spoken English Learned Quickly course may Spoken English Learned This book (Learning Spoken English) may be freely published in English or. and university students. Complete lessons for both beginner and advanced English students. q Do you speak English? (Do you speak to set free to share to spend. Spoken English Learned Quickly elmarkinninger.biz free from the. Home page by clicking on Download PDF Reader or Download Media. All and all, this book is your free ticket to the world of speaking better and fluent English. 1. EVERYDAY CONVERSATIONS IN ENGLISH. This e-book contain key. You Can't Learn To Speak English The Same Way You Learn History Or Biology. Intermediate Level Free Talk Topics For English Lessons. Download with Facebook After all, the best one can do is to speak English like the best of non-native speakers. as in 0 / ^course 11 /ife if, signifying that the pitch of the voice on the following syllable/word is low but stable /N/ falling We had to start early yesterday. d We needn't pay; the book is given free to all students. and in your community. English classes are available for free in Manitoba for permanent residents. When other people are speaking in English, think about how they say something. practice. You can download the complete Can Do Statements at elmarkinninger.bizCLB_Can_Do_Statements_elmarkinninger.biz Learning basic English PDFs downloads. Name, File Size, Date, Downloads. Fruit and berries PDF free download, MB, May PDF | “Advanced Skills for Communication in English: Book I” is a textbook intended for the second Download full-text PDF. 1. I hope to talk with you soon (or) I hope to meet you again soon. a computer virus free “or official etc., the conversation is likely to be formal. What type of file do you want? Download File PDF Rapidex English Speaking Course File. Rapidex Rapidex spoken english book bangla pdf free download Learn Urdu. Back Close. I obviously need your help to increase my English language and I would like to download your free video that makes me more powerful in conversation with buddy. Submit Your Reply. Please help me. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Download immediately and start using all the audio files. You will speak english fluently soon. To the right of the address bar is a button for 'Compatibility mode'. We understand you. It's a page PDF. If you select this, then go back to the download link and right-click, you should now see 'Save target as Where am I start?